Calcium and parathyroid diseases

The parathyroid gland regulates calcium levels in the body. When the body has too little calcium, it can lead to numbness and tingling in the face, hands and feet, muscular spasms and ultimately cardiac rhythm disturbances. When there’s too much calcium, dehydration, change in thinking, osteoporosis and kidney stones may occur.

What you should know about calcium and parathyroid diseases

  • Parathyroid diseases can be associated with high or low calcium levels in blood, fatigue and depression, as well as high blood pressure, kidney disease and bone disease. 
  • Musculoskeletal disorders are common in cases where calcium or parathyroid diseases are involved, including bone, joint and muscle pain and dysfunction. 
  • Hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism are diseases that occur when the parathyroid produces too much or too little parathyroid hormone. 
  • Paget’s disease is an abnormal bone metabolism disease that can lead to fragile or misshapen bones in the pelvis, skull, spine or legs.
  • Osteoporosis may occur due to over active parathyroid glands.

Treatment options

Treatments for calcium and parathyroid diseases may include:

Specialties and institutes

Connect with other specialties at Geisinger to learn more about these treatments.

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