Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer develops when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably in a man’s prostate. Our team includes urologists, surgeons and radiation oncologists who work together to deliver precise treatments. Our highly specialized team helps you get the best possible care.

The prostate is located between the bladder and penis. The organ serves two important functions:

  • Helping the bladder control the flow of urine
  • Producing fluid that protects semen and helps discharge it from the penis

What you should know about prostate cancer

  • Prostate cancer is rare in men younger than 40. Most men are age 65 or older at the time of diagnosis.
  • Tumors often grow slowly and may not require treatment (other than regular check-ups) for many years.

Why choose Geisinger for your prostate cancer care?

  • Specialized care: Our team includes urologists and cancer doctors (oncologists) who specialize in treating prostate cancer. This level of specialization helps you get care that meets your unique needs. Learn more about cancer treatment.
  • Focus on your quality of life: If you need radiation therapy, we take extra steps to protect nearby healthy tissue, including the rectum. We are one of the few programs in the region using a simple device (rectal spacer) to shield the rectum from radiation exposure. This practice preserves bowel function so you can make a full recovery. Find out more about radiation therapy.
  • Innovative treatments: Brachytherapy uses tiny seeds to deliver safe levels of a radioactive substance. This treatment provides strong doses of radiation and requires fewer treatments than standard radiation therapy. You may also be able to return to daily activities within a few days.

Treatment options

Doctors at Geisinger offer extensive experience in treating prostate cancer, giving you the best chance for a good outcome.

  • Ablation : Our doctors use strong energy to destroy tumors, with cold gas freezing them (cryoablation) or microwave radiation heating them (radiofrequency).
  • Chemotherapy : Strong drugs destroy cancer cells, prevent them from spreading or slow their growth.
  • Cancer clinical trials : Get access to potentially life-saving treatments by participating in a national clinical research study.
  • Hormone therapy : Special medications treat women with cancer cells fueled by hormones (hormone-positive cancer). These drugs help stop the cancer from spreading.
  • Immunotherapy : We use drugs made of special proteins (biologics) to jumpstart the immune system. Biologics help your body detect and destroy cancer.
  • Radiation therapy : This treatment uses radiation (X-ray) beams to destroy cancer cells.
  • 3-D conformal radiation therapy (3-D CRT) : We use special technology to position radiation beams so they precisely match irregularly shaped tumors. 
  • Surgery : Pediatric surgeons remove tumors without harming nearby organs or tissues.

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